OSHA catwalk standards state that a work platform’s height cannot be more than four times its base width. completely rewrote the standard 1910 Subpart D: Walking Working Surfaces, The Spika-developed Variable-Pitch Staircase, Quick Guide to OSHA's Fall Protection Standard Update (2017). Have a maximum spacing between rungs of 16 3/4 inches (43 cm). 1910.25(b)(5)(ii): When a door or a gate opens directly on a stairway, a platform is provided, and the swing of the door or gate does not reduce the platform’s effective usable depth to less than 22 inches (56 cm) for platforms installed on or after January 17, 2017. In that case, it is still critical to ensure railing covers any gaps. OSHA clearance requirements regulate the amount of empty space that must be left around ladders in workplaces. Single tiebacks installed at an angle are prohibited. For example, a platform that is 6 feet wide cannot be elevated more than 24 feet. Note to paragraph (b)(2)(i): Pursuant to an administrative stay effective November 29, 1996 and published in the Federal Register on November 25, 1996, the requirement in paragraph (b)(2)(i) that roof bracket scaffolds be at least 12 inches wide is stayed until November 25, 1997 or until rulemaking reguarding the minimum width of roof bracket scaffolds has been completed, whichever is later. above the scaffold supporting level. The use of shore or lean-to scaffolds is prohibited. Ropes shall be inspected for defects by a competent person prior to each workshift and after every occurrence which could affect a rope's integrity. Steps and rungs of ladder and stairway type access shall line up vertically with each other between rest platforms. Where the employer makes the demonstration provided for in paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section, the platform shall be planked or decked as fully as possible and the remaining open space between the platform and the uprights shall not exceed 9 1/2 inches (24.1 cm). See regulation here . In that case, it is still critical to ensure railing covers any gaps. Sometimes, workers need to use aerial platforms, aerial ladders, articulating boom platforms, vertical towers, or ladder trucks to reach their work.All work has hazards and risks involved in it, but when you work at an elevated height, extra training and attention to safety procedures is a necessity. Effective September 2, 1997, the employer shall have a competent person determine the feasibility and safety of providing fall protection for employees erecting or dismantling supported scaffolds. Sound anchorages include structural members, but do not include standpipes, vents, other piping systems, or electrical conduit. 254 Cottonwood Creek Road When an outrigger beam is used, the shackle or clevis with which the rope is attached to the outrigger beam shall be placed directly over the center line of the stirrup. Stairs leading up to catwalks and elevated platforms must be at least 16 inches wide, 7 inches deep and have no more than 10 inches of rise between each step. Direct connections to roofs and floors, and counterweights used to balance adjustable suspension scaffolds, shall be capable of resisting at least 4 times the tipping moment imposed by the scaffold operating at the rated load of the hoist, or 1.5 (minimum) times the tipping moment imposed by the scaffold operating at the stall load of the hoist, whichever is greater. OSHA issues fines and replacement requirements for violations of its regulations for fall protection that apply to mezzanines. When the loads specified in paragraph (g)(4)(vii) of this section are applied in a downward direction, the top edge shall not drop below the height above the platform surface that is prescribed in paragraph (g)(4)(ii) of this section. Ladders without cages or in wells should have at least 15 inches clear in each direction from the center of the ladder. Thank you for all of your hard work through so many iterations of the design; being able to show operators models of the platform and how it will fit in the space led to some really great discussions about issues we may have otherwise missed until the platform arrived. Narrow Your Results Revision. Mark any rooftop hazards hidden by the snow. Keep it up!! Toeboards shall be solid or with openings not over one inch (2.5 cm) in the greatest dimension. Exceed Industry Standards Safety platforms have been third-party tested to prove compliance with your local and national codes. Suspension ropes shall be shielded from heat-producing processes. If I were to rate you out of 5 stars, I’d give you 100 stars. Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) includes legal requirements, certification and registration, monitoring and surveillance, accident reporting and work injury compensation. The OSHA standard for fall protection had been in dispute in the decades leading up to the January 2017 final ruling. OSHA requirements for work platforms have always been incredibly complex. While OSHA does not technically cover staircases that articulate (per 1910.25(a), articulate is defined as stairs that change pitch due to change in height at point of attachment). Construction materials such as, but not limited to, masonry units and rolls of roofing felt, shall not be used as counterweights. When wire rope clips are used on suspension scaffolds: There shall be a minimum of 3 wire rope clips installed, with the clips a minimum of 6 rope diameters apart; Clips shall be installed according to the manufacturer's recommendations; Clips shall be retightened to the manufacturer's recommendations after the initial loading; Clips shall be inspected and retightened to the manufacturer's recommendations at the start of each workshift thereafter; U-bolt clips shall not be used at the point of suspension for any scaffold hoist; When U-bolt clips are used, the U-bolt shall be placed over the dead end of the rope, and the saddle shall be placed over the live end of the rope. Tiebacks shall be equivalent in strength to the suspension ropes. In order to prevent a wrench from falling off the platform and smacking a coworker on the head, 3-1/2" tall toeboards are required on all open sides of the platform (excluding openings). This section does not apply to aerial lifts, the criteria for which are set out exclusively in 1926.453. 2. At all points of a scaffold where the platform changes direction, such as turning a corner, any platform that rests on a bearer at an angle other than a right angle shall be laid first, and platforms which rest at right angles over the same bearer shall be laid second, on top of the first platform. When the falling objects are too large, heavy or massive to be contained or deflected by any of the above-listed measures, the employer shall place such potential falling objects away from the edge of the surface from which they could fall and shall secure those materials as necessary to prevent their falling. If you're unsure whether your platform is in compliance, ask the experts. Counterweights shall be made of non-flowable material. The new ANSI A92 standards include changes to the equipment itself: Platform Load Sense (or Overload System or Load Sense System) - All MEWPs will be required to continuously check the weight in the platform and disable certain functions if the load is above the platform load limit. Guardrail systems installed to meet the requirements of this section shall comply with the following provisions (guardrail systems built in accordance with Appendix A to this subpart will be deemed to meet the requirements of paragraphs (g)(4)(vii), (viii), and (ix) of this section): Guardrail systems shall be installed along all open sides and ends of platforms. Where there is a danger of tools, materials, or equipment falling from a scaffold and striking employees below, the following provisions apply: The area below the scaffold to which objects can fall shall be barricaded, and employees shall not be permitted to enter the hazard area; or. Any working surface 4 feet or higher must be protected with guardrails on all sides at least 42" tall. Along with the new terminology for lifts is a new classification system. Handrails, and toprails that are used as handrails, shall be at least 3 inches (7.6 cm) from other objects. Updated on December 8, 2020 (Previous update on May 30, 2017). OSHA Platform Standards 1-20 of 3,518 results 20 results per page 10 results per page 30 results per page 50 results per page 100 results per page Filters: Most-Recent Revision Only Clear all. When discussing safety standards for mezzanines or raised platforms in a warehouse environment, the main issue is minimizing the risk of falls, which is the most common cause of serious work-related injuries and deaths. Fork-lifts shall not be used to support scaffold platforms unless the entire platform is attached to the fork and the fork-lift is not moved horizontally while the platform is occupied. Scaffolds and scaffold components shall not be loaded in excess of their maximum intended loads or rated capacities, whichever is less. Guardrail systems shall be installed before the scaffold is released for use by employees other than erection/dismantling crews. Jobsites are not always at ground level. It's not worth risking injuries, fines, and decreased employee morale, and often one little fix can bring you into full compliance. Wind screens shall not be used unless the scaffold is secured against the anticipated wind forces imposed. Paragraph (g)(2) of this section addresses fall protection for scaffold erectors and dismantlers. The inboard ends of suspension scaffold outrigger beams shall be stabilized by bolts or other direct connections to the floor or roof deck, or they shall have their inboard ends stabilized by counterweights, except masons' multi-point adjustable suspension scaffold outrigger beams shall not be stabilized by counterweights. Your stands are superior to everything I’ve ever worked with since day one! Before the scaffold is used, direct connections shall be evaluated by a competent person who shall confirm, based on the evaluation, that the supporting surfaces are capable of supporting the loads to be imposed. Click on the button below. Guys, ties, and braces shall be installed according to the scaffold manufacturer's recommendations or at the closest horizontal member to the 4:1 height and be repeated vertically at locations of horizontal members every 20 feet (6.1 m) or less thereafter for scaffolds 3 feet (0.91 m) wide or less, and every 26 feet (7.9 m) or less thereafter for scaffolds greater than 3 feet (0.91 m) wide. The guardrails must be on every open side of the platform. This paragraph applies to scaffold access for all employees. Safety gates are often spring loaded and open inward then close behind you when you enter the platform. But since January 2017 when OSHA completely rewrote the standard 1910 Subpart D: Walking Working Surfaces (the standard that serves as the authority on work platform compliance), it's been nearly impossible to get a straight answer on what our fall protection needs to have to comply. It is the responsibility of employers to become familiar with standards applicable to their establishments, to eliminate hazardous conditions to the extent possible, and to comply with the standards. Your company has produced an awesome product and we are glad that we have them. If you need to access something at a great height but have limited space, consider requesting a stand with extended caster beams that can slide underneath your equipment and maintain this 4:1 ratio. 1926.1053(b)(2) – Ladders shall be maintained free of oil, grease, and other slipping hazards. The ends of stairrail systems and handrails shall be constructed so that they do not constitute a projection hazard. Sound points of anchorage include structural members, but do not include standpipes, vents, other piping systems, or electrical conduit. Counterweights shall not be removed from an outrigger beam until the scaffold is disassembled. As a reference, OSHA's fall protection standards would require a safety net used in this scenario to extend 8 feet from the edge of the walking/working surface. OSHA.com is the premier online safety training site for construction, general industry, and OSHA Outreach Training. Supported scaffold poles, legs, posts, frames, and uprights shall bear on base plates and mud sills or other adequate firm foundation. Tiebacks shall be equivalent in strength to the hoisting rope. When canopies are used on suspension scaffolds for falling object protection, the scaffold shall be equipped with additional independent support lines equal in number to the number of points supported, and equivalent in strength to the strength of the suspension ropes. 3. In these situations, only the planking that the employer establishes is necessary to provide safe working conditions is required. For extra safety precaution, consider using an interlock mechanism to ensure the safety gate cannot be opened when it's unsafe. This provision does not preclude the use of systems which are designed to function both as suspension scaffolds and emergency systems. To satisfy 1910.23(e)(1)(vi) for stabilizing the system by other means, we refer to a recognized standard for stability set forth in ANSI/SAIA A92.3-2006 (R2-14) Section 4.8.1/4.8.2. Ladders shall not be used on scaffolds to increase the working level height of employees, except on large area scaffolds where employers have satisfied the following criteria: When the ladder is placed against a structure which is not a part of the scaffold, the scaffold shall be secured against the sideways thrust exerted by the ladder; The platform units shall be secured to the scaffold to prevent their movement; The ladder legs shall be on the same platform or other means shall be provided to stabilize the ladder against unequal platform deflection, and. The number of safety standards that apply to work stands can be overwhelming. Warning: If you think OSHA is a small town in Wisconsin, you’re in trouble. Cross braces on tubular welded frame scaffolds shall not be used as a means of access or egress. This is most commonly encountered at the top of ladders. Each employee performing overhand bricklaying operations from a supported scaffold shall be protected from falling from all open sides and ends of the scaffold (except at the side next to the wall being laid) by the use of a personal fall arrest system or guardrail system (with minimum 200 pound toprail capacity). Each platform on all working levels of scaffolds shall be fully planked or decked between the front uprights and the guardrail supports as follows: Each platform unit (e.g., scaffold plank, fabricated plank, fabricated deck, or fabricated platform) shall be installed so that the space between adjacent units and the space between the platform and the uprights is no more than 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide, except where the employer can demonstrate that a wider space is necessary (for example, to fit around uprights when side brackets are used to extend the width of the platform). They had a great attitude and were fun to work with. Except as provided in paragraphs (b)(3)(i) and (ii) of this section, the front edge of all platforms shall not be more than 14 inches (36 cm) from the face of the work, unless guardrail systems are erected along the front edge and/or personal fall arrest systems are used in accordance with paragraph (g) of this section to protect employees from falling. Each scaffold stairway shall be at least 18 inches (45.7 cm) wide between stairrails. ANSI/ASSP A10.33-2020 The independent support lines shall be equal in number and strength to the suspension ropes. Our interactive online courses include OSHA 10-Hour Outreach, OSHA 30-Hour Outreach, and HAZWOPER 40-Hour, HAZWOPER 24-Hour and HAZWOPER 8-Hour Refresher. I really appreciate your continued efforts to ensure we have everything we need. In addition to the normal operating brake, suspension scaffold power-operated hoists and manually operated hoists shall have a braking device or locking pawl which engages automatically when a hoist makes either of the following uncontrolled movements: an instantaneous change in momentum or an accelerated overspeed. Never move a forklift horizontally while a worker is elevated. OSHA imports language from existing Part 1926 (construction), Part 1915 (shipyard), and powered platforms for building maintenance (1910.66) to address criteria and performance requirements for fall arrest systems used It also established requirements for the performance, inspection, use, and maintenance of personal fall protection systems. Debris shall not be allowed to accumulate on platforms. Each ladder jack scaffold, top plate bracket scaffold, roof bracket scaffold, and pump jack scaffold shall be at least 12 inches (30 cm) wide. Independent support lines and suspension ropes shall not be attached to the same points of anchorage. The Spika-developed Variable-Pitch Staircase maintains a consistent step interval at any height, no matter if you have 2 feet or 12 feet of vertical travel. Plank Requirements Integral prefabricated scaffold access frames shall: Be specifically designed and constructed for use as ladder rungs; Have a rung length of at least 8 inches (20 cm); Not be used as work platforms when rungs are less than 11 1/2 inches in length, unless each affected employee uses fall protection, or a positioning device, which complies with 1926.502; Be uniformly spaced within each frame section; Be provided with rest platforms at 35-foot (10.7 m) maximum vertical intervals on all supported scaffolds more than 35 feet (10.7 m) high; and. Aerial Platform Safety. Specifically, the following sections are the most relevant to railing and guardrail for fall protection. High praise [also] from colleagues in Omaha. Guardrails meeting the requirements of paragraph (g)(4) of this section shall be provided on the open sides and ends of each landing. The guardrails must be on every open side of the platform. Except as provided in paragraphs (b)(2)(i) and (b)(2)(ii) of this section, each scaffold platform and walkway shall be at least 18 inches (46 cm) wide. See 29 CFR 1926.502(c)(2). Stairtowers (scaffold stairway/towers) shall be positioned such that their bottom step is not more than 24 inches (61 cm.) Two-point and multi-point suspension scaffolds shall be tied or otherwise secured to prevent them from swaying, as determined to be necessary based on an evaluation by a competent person. An active welding rod or uninsulated welding lead shall not be allowed to contact the scaffold or its suspension system. Ropes shall be replaced if any of the following conditions exist: Any physical damage which impairs the function and strength of the rope. Swaged attachments or spliced eyes on wire suspension ropes shall not be used unless they are made by the wire rope manufacturer or a qualified person. OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.29(b)(1), 29 CFR 1910.23(c), 20 CFR 1910.23(e)(1) Examples of Stationary Platforms How did the US Military Use a Safety Platform. Resolve to follow all personal protective equipment requirements. Any work area four feet or more above the next level lower MUST have guardrails. OSHA standards may require that employers adopt certain practices, means, methods or processes reasonably necessary to protect workers on the job. The portion of the tail line that hangs free below the scaffold shall be guided or retained, or both, so that it does not become grounded; Each hoist shall be covered with insulated protective covers; In addition to a work lead attachment required by the welding process, a grounding conductor shall be connected from the scaffold to the structure. Greater variations in riser height are allowed for the top and bottom steps of the entire system, not for each flight of stairs. Gears and brakes of power-operated hoists used on suspension scaffolds shall be enclosed. Here is a list of five current OSHA standards for work platforms that you may not be aware of. Under 1910.23(e)(1), OSHA says that a guardrail must have a vertical height of 42 inches nominal from the upper surface of the top rail to floor, platform, runway, or ramp level. Paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (vii) of this section establish the types of fall protection to be provided to the employees on each type of scaffold. Horizontal lifelines shall not be attached only to the suspension ropes. On scaffolds where platforms are overlapped to create a long platform, the overlap shall occur only over supports, and shall not be less than 12 inches (30 cm) unless the platforms are nailed together or otherwise restrained to prevent movement. Four Methods of Work Platform Actuation: Which is Best for You? Portable, hook-on, and attachable ladders (Additional requirements for the proper construction and use of portable ladders are contained in subpart X of this part -- Stairways and Ladders): Portable, hook-on, and attachable ladders shall be positioned so as not to tip the scaffold; Hook-on and attachable ladders shall be positioned so that their bottom rung is not more than 24 inches (61 cm) above the scaffold supporting level; When hook-on and attachable ladders are used on a supported scaffold more than 35 feet (10.7 m) high, they shall have rest platforms at 35-foot (10.7 m) maximum vertical intervals. 6, 1979, as amended at 58 FR 35182 and 35310, June 30, 1993; 61 FR 46025, Aug. 30 1996; 61 FR 59831, Nov. 25, 1996], Occupational Safety & Health Administration, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Severe Storm and Flood Recovery Assistance. ANSI/ASSP A10.31-2019 Safety Requirements, Definitions and Specifications for Digger Derrick. Vertical lifelines, independent support lines, and suspension ropes shall not be attached to each other, nor shall they be attached to or use the same point of anchorage, nor shall they be attached to the same point on the scaffold or personal fall arrest system. Load rating requirements vary depending on the need and how many people/how much equipment will be on top of the system at a time. Scaffolds shall be designed by a qualified person and shall be constructed and loaded in accordance with that design. In instances where the platform is up against another vertical surface (such as the tool being accessed), and the tool fully protects the opening, guardrails are not required on that side. Suspension scaffold outrigger beams shall be: Provided with stop bolts or shackles at both ends; Securely fastened together with the flanges turned out when channel iron beams are used in place of I-beams; Installed with all bearing supports perpendicular to the beam center line; Set and maintained with the web in a vertical position; and. Very timely and effective correction. Don't forget: when you're performing manufacturing or maintenance tasks, there is a good chance you will be setting tools, parts, and hardware on the floor beside you. Where swinging loads are being hoisted onto or near scaffolds such that the loads might contact the scaffold, tag lines or equivalent measures to control the loads shall be used. This is expressly forbidden by OSHA 451(c)(2)(v) and something that most operations avoid in the first place. For all scaffolds not otherwise specified in paragraphs (g)(1)(i) through (g)(1)(vi) of this section, each employee shall be protected by the use of personal fall arrest systems or guardrail systems meeting the requirements of paragraph (g)(4) of this section. At least three and one-half inches (9 cm) high from the top edge of the toeboard to the level of the walking/working surface. The top edge height on supported scaffolds manufactured and placed in service before January 1, 2000, and on all suspended scaffolds where both a guardrail and a personal fall arrest system are required shall be between 36 inches (0.9 m) and 45 inches (1.2 m). Any part of a scaffold damaged or weakened such that its strength is less than that required by paragraph (a) of this section shall be immediately repaired or replaced, braced to meet those provisions, or removed from service until repaired. This determination shall be based on site conditions and the type of scaffold being erected or dismantled. When erecting or dismantling tubular welded frame scaffolds, (end) frames, with horizontal members that are parallel, level and are not more than 22 inches apart vertically may be used as climbing devices for access, provided they are erected in a manner that creates a usable ladder and provides good hand hold and foot space. Ramps and walkways 6 feet (1.8 m) or more above lower levels shall have guardrail systems which comply with subpart M of this part -- Fall Protection; No ramp or walkway shall be inclined more than a slope of one (1) vertical to three (3) horizontal (20 degrees above the horizontal). OSHA 1910.29(b)(13): When guardrail systems are used around holes that serve as points of access (such as ladder ways), the guardrail system opening (b)(13)(i) has a self-closing gate that slides or swings away from the hole, and is equipped with a top rail and mid-rail or equivalent intermediate member, or (b)(13)(ii) is offset to prevent an employee from walking or falling into the hole.Self-closing safety gates are critical for OSHA compliance; you have to ensure that your technicians cannot back through a hole in the guardrail or push the safety gate open without intending to. Crossbracing is acceptable in place of a midrail when the crossing point of two braces is between 20 inches (0.5 m) and 30 inches (0.8 m) above the work platform or as a toprail when the crossing point of two braces is between 38 inches (0.97 m) and 48 inches (1.3 m) above the work platform. Spika errs on the side of adhering to these standards with our designs. ASME offers the public and private sectors a comprehensive portfolio of codes and standards offerings, which govern elevators and escalators. In addition to meeting the requirements of 1926.502(d), personal fall arrest systems used on scaffolds shall be attached by lanyard to a vertical lifeline, horizontal lifeline, or scaffold structural member. Scaffolds and scaffold components shall be inspected for visible defects by a competent person before each work shift, and after any occurrence which could affect a scaffold's structural integrity. Any work area four feet or more above the next level lower. Aerial Work Platforms have been renamed and are now called Mobile Elevating Work Platforms or MEWPs. Employers are required to provide fall protection for employees erecting or dismantling supported scaffolds where the installation and use of such protection is feasible and does not create a greater hazard. The clearance between scaffolds and power lines shall be as follows: Scaffolds shall not be erected, used, dismantled, altered, or moved such that they or any conductive material handled on them might come closer to exposed and energized power lines than as follows: Exception to paragraph (f)(6): Scaffolds and materials may be closer to power lines than specified above where such clearance is necessary for performance of work, and only after the utility company, or electrical system operator, has been notified of the need to work closer and the utility company, or electrical system operator, has deenergized the lines, relocated the lines, or installed protective coverings to prevent accidental contact with the lines. Or wrapping of rope around the drum ( s ) shopping for stairs. Catwalk standards state that a work platform’s height can not be allowed to accumulate on platforms construction and Operations! 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