Although the population growth-rate decreased over time, it remained positive throughout the history of the Soviet Union in all republics, and the population grew each year by more than 2 million except during periods of wartime, collectivisation, and famine. In the Army and the Navy, 490,000 women were drafted. A total of 34 476 700 Soviet servicemen participated in the fighting during the war years for the USSR. The second war did not involve the Soviet Union and was about control of the Mediterranean. Overnight, the Soviet Union became an ally of Britain and a recipient of Lend-Lease aid from the United States. Eventually, when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, Ukraine finally became an independent nation—and the Holodomor remains a painful part of Ukrainians’ common identity. Because of this the population was boosted (p. 118 again) from 168.5 to 188.8 million, or about 12 percent). … The Soviet Union didn't recognize the scale of its own losses straightaway. The population of the Soviet Union was probably better prepared than any other nation involved in the fighting of World War II to endure the material hardships of the war. The population of the Soviet Union was probably better prepared than any other nation involved in the fighting of World War II to endure the material hardships of the war. ... human losses during World War II, ... and therefore there was a surge in the birth rate during the 1980s. It didn't, really! The third war, arguably the largest single component of World War II, began on 22 June 1941, when the Germans attacked the Soviet Union. In 1946 Soviet borders were wider than in 1923. Russia had a population of over 190 million in 1939. In many ways, the wartime Soviet Union was decades ahead of the west in terms of equality between the sexes. The purge of Stalin didn't stop at the end of WW2. The Soviet Census held on January 6, 1937 was the most controversial of the censuses taken within the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.The census results were not published because the census showed much lower population figures than anticipated, although it still showed a population growth from the last census in 1926, from 147 million to 162 million people in 1937. By Patrick J. Wendy Goldman and Donald Filtzer’s recent edited collection, Hunger and War: Food Provisioning in the Soviet Union During World War II constitutes an important contribution to the current scholarship on the period of the Great Patriotic War. Most of the returning Soviet POWs were ordered executed by Stalin. Total war-loss figures include territories annexed by the Soviet Union in 1939-1945. While females in the U.S., Britain and Russia famously toiled in munitions factories during the war, women served in combat roles in the Red Army. 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